Most Common Figures of Speech that Beautify your Writing Skills

common figures of speech
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Figures of speech are words or expressions utilized in a non-strict sense for explanatory impact. They often express their importance by contrasting one thing with another and serve an unmatched part in the English language. Gifted authors realize how to utilize figures of speech and other artistic gadgets to give more distinctive depictions and help readers understand the inclination they need to pass on. As a specialized instrument, Figures of speech give tone and life to the messages we wish to impart to other people. In this post, we will share a few common figures of speech that are used most.

Some Common Figures of Speech and How Do Authors Use Them? 

The following are the most common Figures of speech, alongside their definitions, models, and tips for utilizing them. 


Puns are usually playing with the words. Scholars use words that have more than one sign to mean something different, or they use words that sound the same to get consideration. Regularly, journalists mean puns to be funny; however, they may likewise utilize them to incite the peruser to think. William Shakespeare is known for utilizing puns. Indeed, specialists have seen that the most insightful characters in his plays are the most liberal in utilizing them. Peruse this sentence from the initial lines of Richard III: 

‘Now is the winter of our discontent made glorious summer by this sun of York.’   

Here you can see that the sun sounds like a “child,” which the speaker, Richard, uses to allude to himself (as “the child of York”). The figure of speech permits Shakespeare to relate the colder time of year and summer to the possibility of tragic and upbeat occasions. Concerning puns utilizing words that have a few implications, see this model, likewise from Shakespeare. As Mercutio lies kicking the bucket from a cut injury, he keeps making jokes, and he utilizes a pun to show his looming passing. 

For this situation, the word grave can mean two things: genuine or where dead individuals are covered. The utilization of the word for this situation infers the two its implications, which is the thing that Mercutio planned in his jestlike reaction. 


Personification is the way toward giving human qualities to lifeless or non-human subjects. Exemplary author L.M. Montgomery now and again utilizes personification to show that her principal characters cooperate with trees and different things in nature. See this model from: 

“Maples are such amiable trees,” said Anne; “they’re continually stirring and murmuring to you.” 

Trees don’t actually “murmur” to individuals, yet depicting them in that way makes them wake up in the creative mind. 


A simile analyzes one article straightforwardly to another utilizing the words “like” or “as.” The below are a few examples of simile figures of speech. These examples will help you understand what precisely this figure of speech does and how to identify similes. 

  • As cute as a kitten
  • As happy as a clam
  • As light as a feather
  • As blind as a bat

As should be obvious, the utilization of the expression which uses ‘as’ makes an immediate correlation, which is a sign of Simile figure of speech.


Metaphor is a saying that thinks about two different articles that have common characteristics. Peruse the accompanying passage from a sonnet by Emily Dickinson, wherein she thinks about a desire for a bird. In the poem, the examination of desire to a bird isn’t immediate, as it would be if she were to say, “Expectation resembles a bird.” Instead, she compares desire to a bird by discussing trust as “the thing with plumes” and as “the little Bird.”   These were the small examples that will make you understand the metaphor figure of speech. Metaphor is one of the most used figures of speech. People generally use it in their conversation without even realizing that they are using metaphor figures of speech.


Hyperbole is the demonstration of utilizing outrageous distortion to underline a specific component or quality. This technique works up the peruser’s feelings, be they of joy or trouble. Imprint Twain effectively utilizes overstated articulations in his entertaining books. You can peruse the selection beneath from his depiction of the distress of wearing middle age period protective layer: 

Meantime, it was getting more sizzling and more blazing in there. The sun was thrashing down and warming the iron increasingly more constantly. Indeed, when you are hot, that way, each seemingly insignificant detail disturbs you. At the point when I jogged, I shook like a container of dishes, and that irritated me; and also, I was unable to appear to stand that safeguard slatting and banging, presently about my bosom, presently around my back; and if I dropped into a walk my joints squeaked and shrieked in that wearisome manner that a work cart does, and as we didn’t make any breeze at that stride, I resembled to get roasted in that oven; what’s more, the calmer you went, the heavier the iron settled down on you and the ever-increasing number of tons you appeared to gauge each moment. 

The hyperbole utilized in this depiction from A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Courts paints a clear picture in our brain of how the character should feel inside his protective layer. Yet, it isn’t likely that you would really “get seared in that oven.” Likewise, it is an embellishment to say that the reinforcement weighs “an ever-increasing number of tons!” The creator accomplished his motivation of underlining the difficulty of utilizing that archaic outfit. 


A paradox is an explanation that seems, by all accounts, to be senseless or self-opposing yet contains a fact. Scholars use it to show an assessment in opposition to customarily acknowledged convictions, provoking the peruser to think. One model is found in George Orwell’s Animal Farm. In a scene where the creatures are making their laws for presence, one law states: 

“All creatures are equivalent, yet some are more equivalent than others.” 

From the outset, the sentence appears to be gibberish, basically senseless. However, at the more critical look, you begin to see Orwell’s point: he depicts the novel’s public authority as asserting everybody to be equivalent, yet not satisfying that professed conviction. The inconsistency in this proclamation provokes the peruser to consider the idea of balance. 


An oxymoron is a metaphor made by associating two inverse thoughts, making an intriguing impact. Authors ordinarily make an oxymoron by tying up a thing with a modifier that would not regularly be utilized to depict that thing. 

For instance, “barbarous thoughtfulness,” “unfortunate satire,” and “best for” all consolidate things with astounding modifiers. Different blends can be matching two inverse words, for example, “love-disdain relationship,” “settle on a truce,” “totally uncertain.” 

The creator utilized the surge of a few sets of clashing plans to depict the psychological clash Romeo feels in his adoration for a blocked-off lady. This articulation causes a severe enthusiastic reaction in the peruser. 


Understatement is a common figure of speech that depicts less feeling than is required in response to an occasion. When something horrendous occurs, perusers anticipate a sensational response; similarly, when something brilliant occurs, they anticipate an upheaval of bliss. Yet, when an essayist minimizes the response, it shocks the peruser. Thus, an understatement usually has an impact of showing incongruity. An illustration of understatement is the accompanying line from J.D. Salinger’s Catcher in the Rye: 

“I must have this activity. It isn’t intense. I have this minuscule tumor on the cerebrum.” 

At the point when you have a tumor on the cerebrum, regardless of how little, and you need to have an activity, it’s not something that isn’t intense! Here, the character gives little weight to the news. 

Instructions to Use Figures of Speech in Your Writing to make it Attractive

Since you have these most common figures of speech added to your repertoire, it’s an ideal opportunity to incorporate them: 

  • Think of a scene you need to depict. Start with just a single scene for the occasion. 
  • List down as numerous things you can think about that might be contrasted with your scene. For instance, if you need to portray a lady’s face, record all you can interface with. It may be objected that they are similar in shape as her eyes or a similar surface as her hair, and so on. Be imaginative. 
  • Start by composing sentences utilizing simile and metaphor. Keep in mind; similes use words like “as” or “like,” while metaphors straightforwardly force the looked at object onto the subject. 
  • Next, take a shot at personification. Think about the developments or activities that your lifeless thing does, and this time, consider developments that an individual does. For instance, in discussing a lady’s hair in disruption, you may depict it as the lash of an individual’s whip. 
  • Work on utilizing oxymoron and paradox by posting down negating thoughts you may use to depict your scene. 
  • As for understatement, utilize these in scenes of outrageous feeling and see whether it has a different effect.


This article tried to teach you about the most common figures of speech that enhance your writing skills. This puts you in professional writers’ position if you can use these speech figures in a good way. We hope this article was helpful for you.


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